Outcomes and your right to appeal
Find out below what to expect at the end of the complaints process and how to appeal the outcome if you need to.
Please note, this information is for anyone who made a complaint before 1 February 2020.
What outcome can I expect from my complaint?
For any outcome, we’ll provide a summary of what we did, what we found and how we reached our conclusions. We’ll also include:
whether your complaint was upheld
whether we found any of our officers or staff to be unprofessional
any learning opportunities resulting from your complaint
any action taken against our officers and staff
Finally, we’ll let you know any follow-on actions, such as:
improvement or changes to our procedures
giving formal advice to improve individuals’ performance
a referral to the Crown Prosecution Service for criminal charges
formal misconduct proceedings, which could lead to dismissal
agreement that something went wrong, and deciding that no other action is appropriate or necessary
What is an appeal?
An appeal is a review of how the investigation into your complaint was completed. Where an appeal is made we don’t reinvestigate the complaint itself. Following a review, we’ll always let you know if the appeal has been upheld or not.
How do I appeal the outcome of a complaint?
If you’re unhappy with the outcome of your complaint, you might be able to appeal. At the end of our investigation, we’ll let you know how to submit an appeal and when you need to do it by.
Your appeal will be dealt with by the Independent Appeals Officer, who is a senior police officer, independent to the officers concerned in the complaint.
In some instances your appeal will be dealt with by the Independent Office for Police Conduct, for instance if your appeal is against a senior officer or was an investigation carried out by the PSD.
Making an appeal
If the force makes a decision to disapply as the outcome of your complaint, you'll get a letter telling you. The letter will also say who you can send an appeal to. This will either be:
- the chief officer of the police force, or
- the Independent Office for Police Conduct
Please make sure you send your appeal to the correct organisation (although if you get it wrong they'll forward it to the correct address).
You can complete an appeal against the police investigation into your complaint quickly and easily, using either our online forms or downloadable versions.
Please note: all appeals must be received within 28 days of the day after the date of the letter from the Professional Standards Department providing you with the outcome of your complaint. This includes the time your letter spends in the post.